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Origin Of Weng Clan


The first ancestor of Weng Clan was the son of Xia (瑕), i.e. King Zhao of Zhou (周昭王), who was the great-grandson of King Wu of Zhou (周武王). In 1055 BC, King Zhao of Zhou, while wandering in Mount "Wang Mian" (汪面山), met a lady surnamed Wang (汪). King Zhao conferred her the title of Madam Wang Shan (汪山). One day when Madam Wang Shan was travelling with King Zhao of Zhou, suddenly there was unusual astronomical phenomenon of white rainbow penetrating the Sun (白虹贯日). She then got pregnant and finally gave birth to a baby boy. At birth, the baby boy clenched and closed both his fists, and only loosened and opened after King Zhao of Zhou ordered to wash his fists with perfume. After opened, it emerged that the left fist had veins that resembled the Chinese word "Gong" ("公"), and the right fist had veins that looked like the Chinese word "Yu" ("羽"). In addition to being surprised, King Zhao of Zhou deemed the baby boy as the Child Of God, and thus gave him the name "Yi" (溢), i.e. "Ji Yi" (姬溢) and awarded "Weng Shan" (翁山) as his principality.

Though "Ji Yi" (姬溢), the son of King Zhao of Zhou, was bestowed at "Weng Shan" (翁山), his descendants did not immediately use Weng (翁) as their surnames. Their practice of "Adopting Surname In Accordance With The Bestowed Principality" ("以邑为氏") were delayed till late Zhou Dynasty. At that time, the offspring of "Ji Yi" (姬溢) had inherited the "Weng Shan" (翁山) and continued to the 24th generation named "Mi Lun" (弥伦). As "Mi Lun" (弥伦) had seen the corrupting and declining of the royal family of Zhou Dynasty day by day, and the mutual invading and battling of ducal states with one another, he felt deeply ashamed and thus adopted Weng, the prefecture where he was, as his surname. Thereafter, Weng Hong (翁弘) from the 27th generation assumed office as the left Prime Minister of the State of Chu (楚国) during the Warring States Period (战国时期), and also relocated and settled down in Yuan Cheng (原城) of the State of Liang (梁国). He became the founding ancestor of Weng clan in Yuan Cheng (原城). Then Yuan Cheng (原城) was at North-West of Jiyuan County (济源县) in Henan Province (河南省).

Weng Clan was an extremely old notable family and great clan. Weng Clan spread and especially could be found everywhere over the various southern places like "Ming" (闽) aka Fujian Province, "Yue" (粤) aka Guangdong Province, Taiwan, etc. as well as the abroad well-known "Liu Kwee Tang" (六桂堂) which consists of six (6) surnames, i.e. "Hong" (洪)、"Jiang" (江)、"Weng" (翁)、"Fang" (方)、"Gong"( 龚) and "Wang" (汪) that were derived from the surname "Weng" (翁).

Actually since ancient times, Weng Clan had established dominance along the Jiangsu (江) and Zhejiang (浙) regions, the southern parts of Yangtze River. Their grand success at "Ming" (闽) and "Yue" (粤) could be considered as entirely the continuance of that in Jiangsu (江) and Zhejiang (浙) regions. Therefore, the hereditary prefecture of families from Weng Clan was all along at "Yan Guan" (盐官), which is the ancient name of Hai Nin County (海宁县) in Zhejiang Province (浙江省) now.

In addition, certain families from Weng Clan used "Qiantang" (钱塘) as their hereditary prefecture. Qiantang is to be more so an even more publicly well-known ancient place name established since Qing Dynasty (秦代),which is currently the Hangzhou (杭县), also located in Zhejiang (浙江) region.

Then, how does Weng Clan from "Liu Kwee Tang" (六桂堂) come about?

The origin of Weng Clan is glorious and worth mentioning, for the reasons that their ancestral root could literally be traced all the way back to the holy monarch King Wen of Zhou (周文王) over 3000 years ago; and that they are the descendants of surname Ji (姬)of Huang Emperor (黄帝) that is worthy of taking pride in. Of course, the other surnames viz. "Hong" (洪)、"Jiang" (江), "Fang" (方)、"Gong"( 龚) and "Wang" (汪) belonging to "Liu Kwee Tang" (六桂堂) have also similarly brilliant ancestry and background.

In relation to the source and development of Weng Clan, all the research and verification in the relevant ancient books were completely identical. For instance, the book named as "Compilation Of Surnames" (<<姓纂>>) had pointed out that "Son of King Zhao of Zhou awarded 'Weng Shan' as his principality, thus used Weng as surname"; the book with title "The Study Of Surnames" (<<姓氏考略>>) had also pointed out that "Son of King Zhao of Zhou awarded 'Weng Shan' as his principality, thus used Weng as surname, prominent Weng families lived in Qiantang".

Hence, one can see that Weng Clan broadly began its existence during the era of King Zhao of West Zhou between 1052BC and 1002BC. King Zhao of Zhou was the great-grandson of King Wu of Zhou, and the first ancestor of Weng Clan was the son of King Zhao of Zhou. In this way, the origin and development of Weng Clan is even easier to understand at a glance.

The exact location of the home-base of the first ancestor of Weng Clan, i.e. Weng Shan where the surname Weng came about over 3000 years ago could not be ascertained due to lack of literature. However, according to the activities of the ancestors of Weng Clan as recorded in history, it ought to be located in the vicinity along the Yangtze River basin, as Weng Clan had, as early as from the Tang Dynasty, been the notable family and great clan that had numerous clan members and multitude of talented people, and was influential and thus famous for generations along the southern "Ming" (闽) and "Yue" (粤) regions. This situation was very likely due to the reason that they had benefited from favorable geographical location.

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